Turkish carpets, also called Anatolian carpets, have been produced in Asia Minor since the 13th century (the oldest carpets come from the city of Konya). Discussing these carpets we should consider the tribes of Kurds, Ottoman Turks, Turkmen and Armenians who created here their native weaving industry. The most valuable carpets come from Bergamas, Ankara, Kazak, Melas, Gordes, Kula, Uszak, Istanbul and Hereke as well as Eastern Anatolia.
Anatolia, from the Greek, means "east" - orient, and exactly like that the design of these carpets is. Carpets with star motifs, simplified geometrical and vegetal forms (often copied from Persian patterns) are carved. There are also prayer rugs from around Gordes, with a mihrabu motif - a niche that is wrapped in seven borders, symbolizing Islamic culture in the seven gates of paradise. The religion of the Koran, which forbids the use of human and animal motifs, had great influence on the carvings of this region. Old carpets do not differ from Persian carpets. Anatolian carpet pile is medium height and carpet weave is made by symmetrical method - Ghiordi. Most of the rugs are produced by this traditional method of the Turkish knot invillage home workshops.
In the 21st century in Turkey, they produce quality products of average quality wool with a modern design. The pile of these carpets is rather low and they have contrasting colors. They carry names like Jerevan, Kayseri, Mekri, Hereke, Ghiordi, Kula, Uszak, Yahyali and Yagcibedir.
Anatolian Ushak carpets with distinctive fringes, Besem carpets and Turkish Gabbeh type rugs can be recognized. In the 20th century they also produced rugs for the needs of European and American market. On a large scale now Turkey is a manufacturer and exporter of machine-woven synthetic carpets. Many factories have been established, and the carpet industry is now very extensive and equipped with state-of-the-art technologies and raw materials.