India produces the largest number of carpets in the world, and the origins of carpentry dates back, according to different sources, to the 16th century. In 1553 Humajun of the Great Mogul dynasty brought masters of carpentry to India. The tradition of weaving carpets was taken over by his son Akbar, as well as the son and successor of Akbar - Jahangir, who commanded to translate all the plants into paintings, from where motifs for carpets were taken. At the time of the Great Mongol Dynasty, Agra and Lahore carpet production centers were established. Currently, Indian carpet production centers are located in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh regions. In India, Nepal and Tibet a variety of carpets are produced, including:
- silk carpets Kashmir (with traditional Persian ornaments),
- simple, often single-colored Gabbeh carpets, styled on ethnic Persian carpets with poor patterns and uniform center,
- Nepali and Tibetan thick carpets made of wool from high mountain sheep, with a characteristic empty field in the center, decorated with a main border,
- carpets made of cowhide leather by patchwork method
- cheap, hand-tinted colored rugs - made by manual needle gun
- cotton and woolen flat woven rugs,
- oriental, classic rugs styled on Persian carpets - Mir, Bidjar, Tabriz and other,
- modern shaggy rugs,
- sisal and jute carpets.
The best carpets are made of silky wool from Kashmir. Products woven in India are very varied in quality and, due to their distinctness; these products have becomecarpets the most commonly imported to western countries. Importers in Europe, and consequently also consumers, have a wide range of classic and modern products. Indian products are often based on original products from Iran or China, so to distinguish them from those original ones, the prefix names eg Indo-Gabbeh, Indian carpet Mir are usually used. Other carpets are sold under the names of the places they come from - Jaipur, Kashmir, Mirsapur etc.